Unlike Italy, Greece has seen a dramatic drop in the number of asylum seekers attempting to enter its territory by land and sea from Turkey.
Those who reach the Greek Aegean Islands are held in squalid camps made up of tents and metal containers, where they often languish for years until their asylum claims are considered.
Greece has stepped up its border control – the Greek coastguard has been accused on several occasions of pushing migrant boats back to Turkish shores, in violation of international law.
Recently, it was reported that Greek police at the land border were experimenting with the use of controversial sound cannons – acoustic devices that fire bursts of deafening noise over the border to harass and deter migrants.
Greek Migration Minister Notis Mitarachi told Reuters: “Our policy is strict but fair.”
Like Italy, Spain is under pressure, with more than 11,000 migrants arriving by sea so far this year. So far this year, more than 5,700 migrants have made the dangerous crossing from Africa to the Canary Islands, more than double than during the same period in 2020, which itself has multiplied eight compared to 2019.
A record 850 road deaths last year, according to the United Nations Migration Agency, which suggested that Covid-19 had prompted many workers in struggling industries like fishing or agriculture to migrate .