CNN Editorial Research
Here is an overview of the life of Prince Philip of Great Britain, husband of Queen Elizabeth II.
Date of Birth: June 10, 1921
Date of death: April 09, 2021
Place of birth: Corfu, Greece
Birth name: Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark
Dad: Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
Mother: Princess Alice of Battenberg
Wedding: Queen Elizabeth II (20 November 1947 – 09 April 2021, her death)
Children: Edward, Earl of Wessex (10 March 1964); Andrew, Duke of York (19 February 1960); Anne, Princess Royal (15 September 1950); King Charles III (November 14, 1948)
Military: British Royal Navy, 1939-1953
Full Title: HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron of Greenwich, Knight of the Garter, Knight of the Thistle, Order of Merit, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire, Companion of the Order of Australia, Companion of the Order of the Queen’s Service, Privy Councillor.
His ancestry is not Greek by blood, but English, Russian, German/Prussian and Danish.
The youngest of five children and the only son.
Third cousin of his wife, the Queen, and like her, he is a great-great-grandchild of Queen Victoria.
His interests were painting, environmental conservation, horses, flying and sailing. He has written books on birds, the environment, team driving and other subjects.
After getting his wings from the RAF in 1953, Philip logged over 5,900 hours in 59 different aircraft types over the next 44 years.
1922 – The overthrow of his brother, King Constantine I of Greece, forces Prince Andrew, Princess Alice and their five children to leave Greece and settle in Paris.
1930 – After his parents separated in 1930, Philip was sent to England and raised there by his maternal grandmother and uncle.
1940 – Served as a midshipman, his first posting, on HMS Ramillies of the Mediterranean Fleet.
1942 – Becomes a second lieutenant in the British Royal Navy.
July 1942 – Was promoted to first lieutenant and senior officer aboard HMS Wallace, a destroyer, and participated in the Allied landings in Sicily during The Second World War.
February 1947 – Becomes a naturalized British citizen and commoner, using the surname Mountbatten, an English translation of his mother’s maiden name. Before taking the oath of British citizenship, being sixth in line to the Greek throne, he renounced all claims to titles in Greece and Denmark.
July 10, 1947 – King George VI and Queen Elizabeth announce Elizabeth’s engagement to Philip.
November 19, 1947 – Invested as a Knight of the Order of the Garter and given the titles of Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich.
November 20, 1947 – Married Princess Elizabeth at Westminster Abbey. His name changes from Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten to His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
1948 – Is appointed personal aide-de-camp to his father-in-law, King George VI.
1950 – Is promoted to lieutenant commander.
June 1952 – Is promoted to commander, but his naval career ended with the death of King George VI and his wife’s accession to the throne on 6 February.
1953 – Was appointed Admiral of the Fleet, Marshal of the Army and Marshal of the Royal Air Force. Is appointed presumptive regent by an act of parliament. In the event of the Queen’s death or incapacitation, Philip would reign as Prince Charles’ regent.
1956 – Launch it Duke of Edinburgh Award, which rewards children for their achievements in personal development and community involvement.
1956-1970 – He is President of the Royal Yachting Association.
1957 – By decree of the Queen, is “granted the titular style and dignity of a Prince of the United Kingdom”. He is invested as Grand Master and First or Principal Knight of the Order of the British Empire. This decree restores his birth title of prince.
1961-1981 – First Chairman of the World Wildlife Fund – United Kingdom.
1964-1986 – President of the International Equestrian Federation.
June 1968 – Receives the Queen’s Order of Merit, an honor awarded to those who “have achieved great achievements in the arts, learning, literature and science”, and is limited to 24 members.
1975-1980 – He is President of the Royal Yachting Association for the second time.
1981-1996 – He is president of the World Wildlife Fund International.
1996-present – Chairman Emeritus of the World Wildlife Fund.
April 9, 2005 – Philip and the Queen are the only senior members of the Royal Family who are not dating Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles civil marriage ceremony. They attend the dedication service.
November 10, 2005 – His 58th wedding anniversary makes him the oldest british wife, surviving King George III’s wife, Queen Charlotte.
October 23, 2006 – Inspects British forces in the south Iraq.
May 3-8, 2007 – Philip and the Queen visit the United States for the 400th anniversary of the first British settlement at Jamestown in 1607. They are attending the kentucky derby on May 5 and a State Dinner at the White House on May 7.
April 1, 2009 – With the queen, meeting US President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama at Buckingham Palace.
June 10, 2011 – His 90th birthday makes him the oldest royal consort.
December 23-27, 2011 – Undergoing treatment for a blocked coronary artery at Papworth Hospital.
June 4-9, 2012 – Is hospitalized with a bladder infection at King Edward VII Hospital in London. It is missing part of the Jubilee celebrations commemorating the Queen’s 60th anniversary on the throne.
August 15-20, 2012 – Is being treated at Aberdeen Royal Infirmary for a bladder infection.
June 7-17, 2013 – Is a patient at the London clinic, admitted for abdominal pain, he underwent exploratory surgery the following day and was discharged after recovery.
January 26, 2015 – Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott bestows that nation’s highest honor, Knight of the Order of Australia, to Philip for his life of service throughout the Queen’s reign.
May 4, 2017 – Buckingham Palace announces that Philip will leave public life after August 2017.
August 2, 2017 – Attends a parade of Royal Marines at Buckingham Palace, performing the last of his thousands of public appearances before retiring from public life.
April 3, 2018 – Philip is admitted to a London hospital for planned hip surgery.
January 17, 2019 – Is involved in a traffic accident when his car collides with another vehicle carrying two women, aged 28 and 45, and a nine-month-old baby boy. In a statement the following day, a spokesman said the Duke of Edinburgh had undergone a ‘precautionary check’ on the advice of a doctor who confirmed Philip ‘had no injuries of concern’. It is later announced that he will not face any charges for the accident.
February 9, 2019 – Buckingham Palace announcement that Philip surrendered his driver’s license following his traffic accident in January which injured a female driver.
December 20, 2019 – Philippe is admitted to the hospital on a “pre-existing” condition, according to a statement from Buckingham Palace. He left the hospital on December 24.
April 20, 2020 – Philip makes a rare public statement thanking those working across the UK to help fight the coronavirus pandemic.
February 16, 2021 – Philip is taken to a London hospital after feeling unwell, according to a statement from Buckingham Palace. On March 3, he undergoes medical intervention for heart disease.
March 16, 2021 – Philip leaves King Edward VII Hospital where he was recovering and return to Windsor Castle, according to a statement from Buckingham Palace.
April 9, 2021 – Died at the age of 99.
September 8, 2022 – Queen Elizabeth II dies and Charles ascends the throne.
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